Konsep Pluralisme Pendidikan Islam Di Indonesia Dalam Perspektif Abdurrahman Wahid (Gus Dur)

  • Eva Sofia Sari, Ratih Kusuma Ningtias Universitas Islam Negeri Mataram, Indonesia
Keywords: Concept, Pluralism, Education, Islam, Abdurrahman Wahid

Abstract

The issue of pluralism has become an important issue specifically discussed throughout the ages and along with the development of the scientific world. Pluralism has been in the spotlight, especially among theological and Islamic thought, so that the issue of pluralism has entered Indonesia and has even reached the implementation of Islamic education. Talking about the term pluralism universally becomes an important point because today's problem is the concept of pluralism is not only a concept that leads to theology. But especially in Indonesia, pluralism is the main knife that must be developed, especially in Islamic education. This paper is here to discuss the pluralism figure in Indonesia, namely Abdurrahman Wahid who is familiarly called GUSDUR the intelligent idol who is one of the figures in Indonesia who gives the concept of pluralism to Islamic education. The focus of this research explores several issues that are quite urgent, namely: First, how is Abdurrahman Wahid's concept of pluralism in Islamic education. Second, what is the basis for Abdurrahman Wahid's thoughts on pluralism in the context of Indonesia. This basic assumption is the main reference which is studied in depth in this research. The type of research is library research with a descriptive analytical research approach that explains  the  roots  of  thinking  critically.  Specifically,  it  can  be  concluded  that pluralism in education is the most effective institution and media in managing this diversity. The function of education is nothing but an effort to transform the values of a nation. Educational pluralism is an effort to inculcate national and human values, which must be pursued both in the family, community and educational environment. Islamic education in Abdurrahman Wahid's perspective is a sub-system of national education  that  has  quite  a  big  role  in  the  transformation  of  religious  values  to students. This should start from Muslims, considering Islam as the majority religion. Changes in the paradigm of Islamic education must be pursued. This is because the paradigm that has been used so far turns out to be more selfish, closed (exclusive), intolerant, and oriented towards personal piety. In facing the plurality of society: multi-ethnic and multi-religious, according to Gus Dur, an educational paradigm that is  tolerant,  inclusive  and  oriented  towards  social  piety is  needed,  not  forgetting individual piety.

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Published
2021-12-17